By Antje Wiener
The Theory of Contestation advances serious norms learn in diplomacy. It scrutinises the makes use of of ‘contestation’ in diplomacy theories in regards to its descriptive and normative capability. therefore, severe investigations into diplomacy are performed in keeping with 3 considering instruments from public philosophy and the social sciences: The normativity premise, the range premise and cultural cosmopolitanism. The ensuing thought of contestation includes 4 major beneficial properties, particularly forms of norms, modes of contestation, segments of norms and the cycle of contestation. the idea distinguishes among the main of contestedness and the perform of contestation and argues that, if contestedness is permitted as a meta-organising precept of worldwide governance, average entry to contestation for all concerned stakeholders will improve valid governance within the worldwide realm.
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Extra info for A Theory of Contestation
3 Where is normativity contestable? Stage (agency)/ approach Constituting (constitutive power) Referring (social group) Implementing (individual) Conventional constructivist Global governance Regimes Critical constructivist No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes (4) Critical Constructivism: Normative Structure of Meaning-in-Use The fourth approach counters ‘‘the enduring structuralism of norm research (which, AW) results in a narrow understanding of norms that equates their existence and validity with their uncontestedness’’ (Deitelhoff and Zimmermann 2013: 4).
1999). 6 The theory of contestation extends along that latter strand of constructivism 6 For recent contributions see Deitelhoff and Zimmermann (2013), Müller and Wunderlich (2013); for early critical constructivists see the work of Fritz Kratochwil, Jutta Weldes, Jennifer Milliken, Anna Leander and Chris Reus-Smit. 24 2 The Normativity Premise To summarise, the interest in human rights started two decades of constructivist norms research in international relations theory in the 1980s. According to conventional constructivists the social recognition of norms was conceptualised as habitual rather than cognitive.
However, when it comes to implementing these norms ‘on the ground’ they are most likely to be contested in practice. 2 Three Types of Norms and the Legitimacy Gap in International Relations 37 processes. They are the result of interaction and reflect intersubjective meaning. As organising principles they include, for example the principle of common but differentiated responsibility, the equal culture of sovereignty or the responsibility to protect. 2 These norms identify specific procedures, which are clearly detailed, for example, by specific provisions of treaties and conventions.