By Gene M. Heyman
Publish 12 months note: First released may possibly fifteenth 2009
Pages note: PDF is 213, pagination is 200
In a ebook guaranteed to encourage controversy, Gene Heyman argues that traditional knowledge approximately addiction--that it's a sickness, a compulsion past wakeful control--is wrong.
Drawing on psychiatric epidemiology, addicts' autobiographies, therapy experiences, and advances in behavioral economics, Heyman makes a robust case that habit is voluntary. He indicates that drug use, like any offerings, is motivated by means of personal tastes and pursuits. yet simply as there are winning dieters, there are profitable ex-addicts. in truth, habit is the psychiatric illness with the top price of restoration. yet what ends an addiction?
At the center of Heyman's research is a startling view of selection and motivation that applies to all offerings, not only the alternative to take advantage of medications. The stipulations that advertise quitting a drug habit contain new info, cultural values, and, in fact, the prices and merits of additional drug use. such a lot people keep away from turning into drug established, now not simply because we're particularly rational, yet simply because we detest the belief of being an addict.
Heyman's research of well-established yet usually neglected examine results in unforeseen insights into how we make choices--from weight problems to McMansionization--all rooted in our deep-seated tendency to eat an excessive amount of of no matter what we adore most sensible. As wealth raises and expertise advances, the limitation posed via addictive medications spreads to new items. notwithstanding, this amazing and radical e-book issues to an answer. If drug addicts as a rule beat dependancy, then non-addicts can learn how to keep watch over their usual tendency to take an excessive amount of.
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Additional resources for Addiction: A Disorder of Choice
Since smoking was a worldwide practice and the British and peoples of India had easier access to opium than did the Chinese, pharmacology could not have been the only factor in the emergence of the opium problem in China. The logical possibilities are social, historical, and individual, and there is circumstantial evidence that each played a role. The Probability that Drug Use Turns into Drug Abuse “It’s so good you only have to try it once” applies to heroin, not alcohol or tobacco. One of the implications of this saying is that drugs that are prohibited are more addictive than those that are legal.
Likely candidates are the regional war lords, imperial palace civil servants, government bureaucrats, the large standing army that existed in China, and the various personages who reaped the beneﬁts of the agricultural surpluses. Changes in laudanum consumption support this interpretation. In England in the seventeenth century laudanum was a medicine. At the end of the nineteenth century, the British considered it an addictive drug and took measures to control its distribution. , Berridge, 1997).
2 Opium smoking spread rapidly in China, giving rise to new smoking paraphernalia and special places to smoke, the notorious opium dens. This is the ﬁrst known instance of large numbers of people taking opium for its intoxicating effects rather than its medical effects (Latimer & Goldberg, 1981; Spence, 1975). With these changes, the public image of opium changed. It was no longer a gift from Providence; it was a scourge. ’ The uninitiated were given free opium at ﬁrst, but once they were hooked, they were made to pay.