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By Jörn Birkmann, Jorn Birkmann, Gerd Tetzlaff, Karl-Otto Zentel

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G. g. g. g. g. g. current economic crisis) Urgency of the problem and the potential of DRR and CCA for finding solutions is sufficiently addressed, especially within national and therefore regional and local political processes (begin with most affected countries and then mainstream into others) Hazard maps consider climate change and respective implications for the hazard occurrence and magnitude as well as spatial extent Vulnerability and risk assessments consider multihazards, particularly extreme events linked to climate change Early Warning systems have a modular structure, that allows for integrating more than one hazard and to ensure that climate change related extreme events – sudden-onset as well as creeping-hazards – are taken into consideration ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ Special Recommendations for COP 15 in Copenhagen Finally some recommendations were given by the expert interview partners that should be taken into consideration by the representatives to the 15th Conference of the Parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Copenhagen in December 2009.

G. sea level rise, coral bleaching, salinisation of freshwater resources and more extreme events in SIDS) Best practice proposal – Win-win solution using brush-wood (Johann Goldammer, Global Fire Monitoring Centre, Germany) In fire prone wilderness areas, the brush-wood should be used for the production of renewable energies or for grazing in order to disburden the forests and thus prevent forest fires. This way not only the farmers would have an interest in preventing largescale fires, but using brush-wood would at the same time be a mitigation, adaptation and disaster risk reText Box 6 duction strategy.

G. people in power get easily offended if not involved and will inhibit the continuation and success of any measures) 7) Knowledge of climate change acquired by the scientific community has not trickled down to practitioners or is communicated in a way that is hard to understand and derive practical knowledge of 8) Donors have not yet extensively adopted funding guidelines that would include and link adaptation measures and DRR – therefore organizations are discouraged to include adaptation strategies into their project proposals 9) Theoretical knowledge on mainstreaming is not put into practice yet 10) Lack of substantial guidance on how to deal with the aspect of uncertainty 11) Lack of standards in how to mainstream CCA and DRR into other fields of development practice 12) Lack of indicators that could allow for climate screening and climate proofing of ongoing or future projects 13) Lack of indicators that could measure successful adaptation and could be integrated into funding guidelines as well as monitoring and evaluation strategies The challenges to effective linking of the DRR and CCA communities and strategies have up to the present constrained the active mainstreaming of adaptation into disaster reduction and other development strategies.

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