By Bobbo Nfor Tansi
Cameroon has enormous renewable power source potentials, with a hydropower strength of approximately fifty five, 200MW, moment basically to the Democratic Republic of Congo in Africa. up to now, its power wishes are met by way of 4.8% hydropower (which debts for only five% of its overall hydropower potential), zero% wind and nil% sunlight. Cameroons' power quarter nonetheless is going via inadequate electricity creation, specifically through the center of the dry season, which runs from December via March. Coincidentally, the wind and solar energy potentials for Cameroon are at their top in the course of those months and will comfortably complement for the shortfalls in new release in the course of those periods.
In this learn, technical analyses have been conducted to figure out the wind and solar power source potentials for Cameroon utilizing the RETScreen software program software supplied via CANMET Canada.
These research printed that the northern areas of Cameroon had greater wind and sun source potentials than the other situation in Cameroon. A 2MW put in wind strength ability will be in a position to producing good over 1.5GWh electricity in step with 12 months, whereas a 2KW put in solar power skill can be able to producing good over 3MWh electricity consistent with yr. within the ultimate sections, monetary research have been conducted to figure out the industrial viability of such tasks and the prospect for self-financing. Emission analyses have been additionally performed according to the power for such initiatives to offset greenhouse fuel emissions and make sure sustainability within the power sector.
The research for Maroua published that 78.6tCO2/yr for wind and 0.1tCO2/yr for sunlight should be decreased by way of these installations.
Finally, the law and felony frameworks governing the power region in Cameroon have been dissected to figure out attainable weaknesses and constraints proscribing the use, merchandising and improvement of the whole capability of Cameroon's renewable power resources.
Bobbo Nfor Tansi, was once born in 1982 in Nkambe - Cameroon. After highschool, he studied Geology and Environmental technology on the collage of Buea Cameroon and later moved to Cottbus Germany the place he did his M.Sc. in Environmental and source administration. in the course of his M.Sc. application, he got interested within the strength box in particular renewable strength. involved over the vulnerable financial system and negative state-of-the-art of strength, he has lengthy been engaged in researches to advertise the use and improvement of renewable strength for a sustainable destiny specifically in Cameroon and Africa. An aspiring PhD scholar, he at present is living in Berlin Germany.
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Additional info for An Assessment of Cameroons Wind and Solar Energy Potential: A Guide for a Sustainable Economic Development
3 Electricity exported to grid MWh 104 93 134 150 125 75 0 0 0 0 81 114 876 Following the above results, it can be concluded that Ngaoundéré would not be a good location for wind energy generation. The wind resource in this area is low and would definitely not be financially viable for a wind project. Similarly, to Maroua and Garoua, peak wind strengths could be noted in April when the winds are strongest whereas in the months of July, August, September and October the winds are low and therefore would not be capable of generating electricity with this same wind plant.
The city’s humidity ranges between 40% and 80%. Site Reference and Climate Data: The following data for Bamenda were obtained from NASA, through the RETScreen software tool. Table 4-5: Site reference and climate data for Bamenda. 5 West Region – Bafia The West region is a 14,000 km² of territory located in the central western portion of the Republic of Cameroon. It borders the North West region to the northwest, the Adamawa region to the northeast, the Central region to the south east, the Littoral region to the southwest, and the South West region to the west.
Humidity in the region is relatively high above 75%. 4m/s. 63kWh/m²/yr. Site Reference and Climate Data: The following data for Ebolowa were obtained from NASA, through the RETScreen software tool. Table 4-10: Site reference and climate data for Ebolowa. 10 South West Region – Fontem The South West region is one of two English speaking regions of Cameroon. An important economic centre, it consist of a petroleum refinery (SONARA), a sea port, a university, and various plantations for rubber, cocoa and banana.